Ffmpeg permission denied on /dev/video0


#1
~$ snap install ffmpeg
ffmpeg 4.1 from Snapcrafters installed

ffmpeg instatted as a snap but getting an issue accessing /dev/video0 - a USB webcam that is mounted correctly

admin@5X8YM42:~$ ffmpeg -list_devices true -i /dev/video0
Error: unable to open display
ffmpeg version n4.1 Copyright (c) 2000-2018 the FFmpeg developers
  built with gcc 5.4.0 (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10) 20160609
  configuration: --prefix= --prefix=/usr --disable-debug --disable-doc --disable-static --enable-avisynth --enable-cuda --enable-cuvid --enable-libdrm --enable-ffplay --enable-gpl --enable-libass --enable-libfdk-aac --enable-libfontconfig --enable-libfreetype --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopencore_amrnb --enable-libopencore_amrwb --enable-libopus --enable-libpulse --enable-sdl2 --enable-libspeex --enable-libtheora --enable-libtwolame --enable-libv4l2 --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libx264 --enable-libx265 --enable-libxcb --enable-libxvid --enable-nonfree --enable-nvenc --enable-omx --enable-openal --enable-opencl --enable-runtime-cpudetect --enable-shared --enable-vaapi --enable-vdpau --enable-version3 --enable-xlib
  libavutil      56. 22.100 / 56. 22.100
  libavcodec     58. 35.100 / 58. 35.100
  libavformat    58. 20.100 / 58. 20.100
  libavdevice    58.  5.100 / 58.  5.100
  libavfilter     7. 40.101 /  7. 40.101
  libswscale      5.  3.100 /  5.  3.100
  libswresample   3.  3.100 /  3.  3.100
  libpostproc    55.  3.100 / 55.  3.100
[video4linux2,v4l2 @ 0x1c238c0] Cannot open video device /dev/video0: Permission denied
/dev/video0: Permission denied

sudo makes no difference

$ ls -l /dev/video0
crw-rw---- 1 root video 81, 0 Apr 17 13:28 /dev/video0

I’ve seen some posts about adding the user to the video group but cannot do this on ubuntu core due to read-only file system

I’m wondering if it’s an interfaces issue with the snap?

OS is ubuntu core so
Any help would be appreciated


#2

snap connect ffmpeg:camera should sort that out.


#3

Perfect! That worked a treat. Still having permission issues writing the file out to certain directories but that should be easily solved. Thanks again!


#4

Actually perhaps you might know quickly the answer to that…

sudo ffmpeg -i /dev/video0 /home/admin/output.mp4
Error: unable to open display
ffmpeg version n4.1 Copyright (c) 2000-2018 the FFmpeg developers
  built with gcc 5.4.0 (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10) 20160609
  configuration: --prefix= --prefix=/usr --disable-debug --disable-doc --disable-static --enable-avisynth --enable-cuda --enable-cuvid --enable-libdrm --enable-ffplay --enable-gpl --enable-libass --enable-libfdk-aac --enable-libfontconfig --enable-libfreetype --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopencore_amrnb --enable-libopencore_amrwb --enable-libopus --enable-libpulse --enable-sdl2 --enable-libspeex --enable-libtheora --enable-libtwolame --enable-libv4l2 --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libx264 --enable-libx265 --enable-libxcb --enable-libxvid --enable-nonfree --enable-nvenc --enable-omx --enable-openal --enable-opencl --enable-runtime-cpudetect --enable-shared --enable-vaapi --enable-vdpau --enable-version3 --enable-xlib
  libavutil      56. 22.100 / 56. 22.100
  libavcodec     58. 35.100 / 58. 35.100
  libavformat    58. 20.100 / 58. 20.100
  libavdevice    58.  5.100 / 58.  5.100
  libavfilter     7. 40.101 /  7. 40.101
  libswscale      5.  3.100 /  5.  3.100
  libswresample   3.  3.100 /  3.  3.100
  libpostproc    55.  3.100 / 55.  3.100
Input #0, video4linux2,v4l2, from '/dev/video0':
  Duration: N/A, start: 1910.514725, bitrate: 147456 kb/s
    Stream #0:0: Video: rawvideo (YUY2 / 0x32595559), yuyv422, 640x480, 147456 kb/s, 30 fps, 30 tbr, 1000k tbn, 1000k tbc
/writable/user-data/admin/output.mp4: Permission denied

Is there an interfaces connect that can give the ffmpeg permission to write to home?


#5

What’s the reason for using sudo? Can you not just ffmpeg -i /dev/video0 ~/output.mp4?


#6

Without sudo:

$ ffmpeg -i /dev/video0 ~/output.mp4
Error: unable to open display
ffmpeg version n4.1 Copyright (c) 2000-2018 the FFmpeg developers
  built with gcc 5.4.0 (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10) 20160609
  configuration: --prefix= --prefix=/usr --disable-debug --disable-doc --disable-static --enable-avisynth --enable-cuda --enable-cuvid --enable-libdrm --enable-ffplay --enable-gpl --enable-libass --enable-libfdk-aac --enable-libfontconfig --enable-libfreetype --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopencore_amrnb --enable-libopencore_amrwb --enable-libopus --enable-libpulse --enable-sdl2 --enable-libspeex --enable-libtheora --enable-libtwolame --enable-libv4l2 --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libx264 --enable-libx265 --enable-libxcb --enable-libxvid --enable-nonfree --enable-nvenc --enable-omx --enable-openal --enable-opencl --enable-runtime-cpudetect --enable-shared --enable-vaapi --enable-vdpau --enable-version3 --enable-xlib
  libavutil      56. 22.100 / 56. 22.100
  libavcodec     58. 35.100 / 58. 35.100
  libavformat    58. 20.100 / 58. 20.100
  libavdevice    58.  5.100 / 58.  5.100
  libavfilter     7. 40.101 /  7. 40.101
  libswscale      5.  3.100 /  5.  3.100
  libswresample   3.  3.100 /  3.  3.100
  libpostproc    55.  3.100 / 55.  3.100
[video4linux2,v4l2 @ 0x9d3800] Cannot open video device /dev/video0: Permission denied
/dev/video0: Permission denied

With sudo

$ sudo ffmpeg -i /dev/video0 ~/output.mp4
Error: unable to open display
ffmpeg version n4.1 Copyright (c) 2000-2018 the FFmpeg developers
  built with gcc 5.4.0 (Ubuntu 5.4.0-6ubuntu1~16.04.10) 20160609
  configuration: --prefix= --prefix=/usr --disable-debug --disable-doc --disable-static --enable-avisynth --enable-cuda --enable-cuvid --enable-libdrm --enable-ffplay --enable-gpl --enable-libass --enable-libfdk-aac --enable-libfontconfig --enable-libfreetype --enable-libmp3lame --enable-libopencore_amrnb --enable-libopencore_amrwb --enable-libopus --enable-libpulse --enable-sdl2 --enable-libspeex --enable-libtheora --enable-libtwolame --enable-libv4l2 --enable-libvorbis --enable-libvpx --enable-libx264 --enable-libx265 --enable-libxcb --enable-libxvid --enable-nonfree --enable-nvenc --enable-omx --enable-openal --enable-opencl --enable-runtime-cpudetect --enable-shared --enable-vaapi --enable-vdpau --enable-version3 --enable-xlib
  libavutil      56. 22.100 / 56. 22.100
  libavcodec     58. 35.100 / 58. 35.100
  libavformat    58. 20.100 / 58. 20.100
  libavdevice    58.  5.100 / 58.  5.100
  libavfilter     7. 40.101 /  7. 40.101
  libswscale      5.  3.100 /  5.  3.100
  libswresample   3.  3.100 /  3.  3.100
  libpostproc    55.  3.100 / 55.  3.100
Input #0, video4linux2,v4l2, from '/dev/video0':
  Duration: N/A, start: 5655.457521, bitrate: 147456 kb/s
    Stream #0:0: Video: rawvideo (YUY2 / 0x32595559), yuyv422, 640x480, 147456 kb/s, 30 fps, 30 tbr, 1000k tbn, 1000k tbc
/home/admin/output.mp4: Permission denied

#7

Ah! I missed the detail that you’re using Ubuntu Core, sorry.

Error: unable to open display

There’s no X11 on Core, and I suspect ffmpeg is built to require it (possibly via pulseaudio). Perhaps @Wimpress can confirm.


#8

I’ve gotten it recording to output to /tmp/output.mkv without issue, including that display message coming up. I’m running it on a displayless Dell Edge Gateway device.

Command:
sudo ffmpeg -f v4l2 -framerate 25 -video_size 640x480 -i /dev/video0 /tmp/output.mkv

File goes to /tmp/snap.1000_ffmpeg_jburLN/tmp but I can copy it off (with sudo) and it plays fine.
Next steps is to get it writing to a nicer area of my file system so that’s the last basic problem I need to solve.


#9

Looks like a file create issue rather than file write. Because if I touch a ~/output.mkv file and run ffmpeg it asks be if I want to overwrite and works fine.


#10

Installing ffmpeg with devmode works. Not completely ideal though. Would welcome any thoughts though.


#11

note that the home interface does never get auto-connected on core installs for security reasons, you need to manually call snap connect ffmpeg:home to give it write access to a home dir …

you might also want to look for other interfaces you want to connect with the snap interfaces ffmpeg or the new snap connections ffmpeg commands…